Geographic Region (ITU/UN)

ISO 3166 Code


M49 Code




ITU Member


ITU-R Region


Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country in the South Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Southwest Asia and Southeastern Europe. It is bound by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan is bound by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey in the north west.

The first 3G network was deployed in 2009 by Azerfon (Nar). This was followed by years of rapid development of mobile broadband networks. 4G LTE was first launched in 2015. According to latest ITU data (June 2017) mobile coverage reaches 95.5% of the population, and 4G LTE accessible by 41% of Azeris.

Azerbaijan is a member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and as such follows radio frequency harmonisation principles according to ITU-R Region-1. The regulatory body governing communications policy is the Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of the Republic of Azerbaijan who is also charged with regulating the country's radio frequency spectrum activities such as planning, allocations, and licencing.