ISO 3166 Code
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the islands of Tasmania, and numerous external territories including Ashmore and Cartier Islands; Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands, Heard and McDonald Islands, Lord Howe Island, Macquarie Island, and Norfolk Island.
According to latest ITU data (June 2017) mobile coverage reaches 98.8% of the population, and 4G LTE accessible by 98% of Australians. The rollout of 5G mobile networks began in 2018, with commercial activation beginning 2019.
Australia is a member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and as such follows radio frequency harmonisation principles according to ITU-R Region-3. The regulatory body governing communications policy is the Department of Communications and the Arts, and the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) is charged with regulating the country's radio frequency spectrum activities such as planning, allocations, and licencing.