Geographic Region (ITU/UN)

ISO 3166 Code


M49 Code




ITU Member


ITU-R Region


Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with two large archipelagoes, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the North African Atlantic coast, two cities (exclaves), Ceuta and Melilla in the North African mainland, and several small islands in the Alboran Sea near the Moroccan coast. In October 2017 the northeastern region of Catalonia declared independence and has threatened to secede from Spain.

Spain is a member of the ITU and as such follows radio frequency harmonisation principles according to ITU-R Region-1. The regulatory body governing communications policy is the Secretaría de Estado para la Sociedad de la Información y la Agenda Digital, and the Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC) is charged with regulating the country's radio frequency spectrum activities such as planning, allocations, and licencing.

National Mobile Network Operators

There are 3 mobile network operators servicing this region.

3G: Active
4G: Active
5G: Active
5G Bands: n78 (3500 MHz)
IoT: Active
IoT Technology: NB-IoT (LTE Cat-NB1)
3G: Active
4G: Active
5G: Build-Out
IoT: Planned
IoT Technology: eMTC (LTE Cat-M1)
3G: Active
3G Bands: B1 (2100 MHz)
4G: Active
4G Bands: B3 (1800 MHz)
5G: Planned
IoT: N/A