Ghana

Geographic Region (ITU/UN)

ISO 3166 Code

GH

M49 Code

288

MCC

620

ITU Member

Yes

ITU-R Region

Overview

Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.

The Ghana telecommunications industry is well developed due to a very high degree of competition, one which leads the region, comprising six mobile network operators and ten national fibre operators. According to latest ITU data (June 2017) 3G mobile coverage reaches an estimated 80% of the population, with 4G LTE accessible by 34.9% of Ghanaian citizens; a figure that is however increasing rapidly.

While Ghana has had access to submarine cable via SAT-3 / WASC since 2002, the arrival of an additional four cables since 2010 (Glo-1, Main One, ACE, and WACS) has seen a dramatic increase in international bandwidth and significant reduction in cost.

Ghana is a member of the ITU and as such follows radio frequency harmonisation principles according to ITU-R Region-1. The regulatory body governing communications policy is the Ministry of Communications, and the National Communications Authority (NCA) is charged with regulating the country's radio frequency spectrum activities such as planning, allocations, and licencing.

National Mobile Network Operators

There are 4 mobile network operators servicing this region.

3G: Active
4G: Active
4G Bands: B20 (800 MHz)
5G: N/A
IoT: N/A
3G: Active
3G Bands: B1 (2100 MHz)
4G: Active
4G Bands: B3 (1800 MHz)
5G: N/A
IoT: N/A
3G: Active
3G Bands: B1 (2100 MHz)
4G: N/A
5G: N/A
IoT: N/A
3G: Active
3G Bands: B1 (2100 MHz)
4G: N/A
5G: N/A
IoT: N/A

Wireless Network Operators

There are 3 subnational network operators servicing this region.

4G: Deactivated
4G: Active
4G Bands: B40 (2300 MHz)