5G Frequency Bands

5G NR (New Radio) has been developed to operate in two distinct bands; sub-6 GHz (3GPP 38.104-5.2.1 FR1), and mmWave (3GPP 38.104-5.2.2 FR2). Despite actually running into the 7 GHz band, FR1 continues to be commonly referred to as the "Sub-6 GHz" band.

  • FR1:  410 to 7125 MHz
  • FR2:  24250 to 52600 MHz

Each band may operate in either FDD or TDD duplex mode. A band may be a supplementary downlink-only (SDL) or uplink-only (SUL) band used to provide additional capacity in the respective direction.

Bands are also classified as SA - Stand Alone, meaning they can operate totally independent on 4G LTE networks, or NSA - Non Stand Alone, which require the data call to be established over 4G LTE with the 5G carrier then added as a secondary layer.

Due to the range of frequencies in use 5G NR uses four different Subcarrier Spacing (SCS) modes; 15, 30, and 60 kHz for sub-6 GHz (FR1) bands; 60 and 120 kHz for mmWave (FR2) bands. Channel bandwidths vary based on SCS, with many only supporting a 5 MHz channel width with an SCS of 15 kHz.

Deployed 5G Networks

The following chart shows the number of active 5G NR networks, distributed by NR frequency band. These data are rendered live and may update unexpectedly.

The below table lists 5G NR bands, compiled from 3GPP 38.104 (March 2019).

Band Duplex Mode Identifier Uplink / TDD Frequency Downlink Frequency
n1 (2100 MHz) FDD 2100
n2 (1900 MHz) FDD 1900 PCS
n3 (1800 MHz) FDD 1800
n5 (850 MHz) FDD 850
n7 (2600 MHz) FDD 2600
n8 (900 MHz) FDD 900
n12 (700 MHz) FDD 700 a
n20 (800 MHz) FDD 800
n25 (1900 MHz) FDD 1900+
n28 (700 MHz) FDD APT 700
n34 (2000 MHz) TDD TD 2000
n38 (2600 MHz) TDD TD 2600
n39 (1900 MHz) TDD TD 1900+
n40 (2300 MHz) TDD TD 2300
n41 (2500 MHz) TDD TD 2500
n50 (1500 MHz) TDD TD 1500+
n51 (1500 MHz) TDD TD 1500-
n65 (2100 MHz) FDD 2100+
n66 (2100 MHz) FDD AWS-3
n70 (2000 MHz) FDD AWS-4
n71 (600 MHz) FDD 600
n74 (1500 MHz) FDD L-band
n75 (1500 MHz Suppl.) SDL DL 1500+ (Suppl. Downlink)
n76 (1500 MHz Suppl.) SDL DL 1500- (Suppl. Downlink)
n77 (3700 MHz) TDD TD 3700
n78 (3500 MHz) TDD TD 3500
n79 (4500 MHz) TDD TD 4500
n80 (1800 MHz Suppl.) SUL UL 1800 (Suppl. Uplink)
n81 (900 MHz Suppl.) SUL UL 900 (Suppl. Uplink)
n82 (800 MHz Suppl.) SUL UL 800 (Suppl. Uplink)
n83 (700 MHz Suppl.) SUL UL 700 (Suppl. Uplink)
n84 (2100 MHz Suppl.) SUL UL 2100 (Suppl. Uplink)
n86 (1800 MHz) Suppl. SUL UL-1800
n257 (28 GHz) TDD 28 GHz
n258 (26 GHz) TDD 26 GHz
n260 (39 GHz) TDD 39 GHz
n261 (28 GHz) TDD US 28 GHz